This is really a proud moment for me and also for every single #Indian as we are now among the very few players of technology who have reached mars “The Red planet” .No words can describe this feeling I am feeling proud on our ISRO scientists and all the associated members with this mission. Heartily congratulations to our countrymen for this milestone.
This is India’s first and worlds cheapest mars orbiter mission which is totally succeeded to reach the mars orbit in its very first attempt on 24 September 2014 2:00 UTC 06:27 AMT .The orbiter was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Center SHAR, Sriharikota at 09:08 UTC (14:38 IST) on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket C25.
Mars Orbiter Mission is India’s first interplanetary mission to planet Mars with an orbiter craft designed to orbit Mars in an elliptical orbit. The Mission is primarily technological mission considering the critical mission operations and stringent requirements on propulsion and other bus systems of spacecraft.
Mars Orbiter Mission carries five scientific payloads to observe Martian surface, atmosphere and exosphere extending up to 80,000 km for a detailed understanding of the evolution of that planet, especially the related geologic and the possible biogenic processes on that interesting planet. These payloads consist of a camera, two spectrometers, a radiometer and a photometer. Together, they have a weight of about 15 kg.
Objectives Of MOM:
Following are the major objectives of the mission:
A. Technological Objectives:
Design and realization of a Mars orbiter with a capability to survive and perform Earth bound manoeuvres, cruise phase of 300 days, Mars orbit insertion / capture, and on-orbit phase around Mars.
Deep space communication, navigation, mission planning and management.
Incorporate autonomous features to handle contingency situations.
B. Scientific Objectives:
Exploration of Mars surface features, morphology, mineralogy and Martian atmosphere by indigenous scientific instruments.
Explanation: Galaxies don’t normally look like this. NGC 6745 actually shows the results of two galaxies that have been colliding for only hundreds of millions of years. Just off the above digitally sharpened photograph to the lower right is the smaller galaxy, moving away. The larger galaxy, pictured above, used to be a spiral galaxy but now is damaged and appears peculiar. Gravity has distorted the shapes of the galaxies. Although it is likely that no stars in the two galaxies directly collided, the gas, dust, and ambient magnetic fields do interact directly. In fact, a knot of gas pulled off the larger galaxy on the lower right has now begun to form stars. NGC 6745 spans about 80 thousand light-years across and is located about 200 million light-years away.
Image Credit: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration
Neil Armstrong, first man to walk on moon
“This one small step for a man,one gaint leap for mankind. “
Explanation: Where will the next Perseid meteor appear? Sky enthusiasts who trekked outside
for the Perseid meteor shower that peaked over the past few days typically had this
question on their mind. Six meteors from this past weekend are visible in the above stacked
image composite, including one bright fireball streaking along the band of the background
Milky Way Galaxy. All Perseid meteors appear to come from the shower radiant in the
constellation of Perseus. Early reports about this year’s Perseids indicate that as many as
100 meteors per hour were visible from some dark locations during the peak. The above
digital mosaic was taken near Weikersheim, Germany.
Image Credit & Copyright: Jens Hackmann
Explanation: Skygazers around planet Earth enjoyed the close encounter of planets and Moon in July 15’s predawn skies. And while many saw bright Jupiter next to the slender, waning crescent, Europeans also had the opportunity to watch the ruling gas giant pass behind the lunar disk, occulted by the Moon as it slid through the night. Clouds threaten in this telescopic view from Montecassiano, Italy, but the frame still captures Jupiter after it emerged from the occultation along with all four of its large Galilean moons. The sunlit crescent is overexposed with the Moon’s night side faintly illuminated by Earthshine. Lined up left to right beyond the dark lunar limb are Callisto, Ganymede, Jupiter, Io, and Europa. In fact, Callisto, Ganymede, and Io are larger than Earth’s Moon, while Europa is only slightly smaller.
Image Credit NASA APOD collection:MOON MEETS JUPITER
The Hubble View–
Explanation: Few cosmic vistas excite the imagination like the Orion Nebula. Also known as M42, the nebula’s glowing gas surrounds hot young stars at the edge of an immense interstellar molecular cloud only 1,500 light-years away. The Orion Nebula offers one of the best opportunities to study how stars are born partly because it is the nearest large star-forming region, but also because the nebula’s energetic stars have blown away obscuring gas and dust clouds that would otherwise block our view – providing an intimate look at a range of ongoing stages of starbirth and evolution. This detailed image of the Orion Nebula is the sharpest ever, constructed using data from the Hubble Space Telescope’s Advanced Camera for Surveys and the European Southern Observatory’s La Silla 2.2 meter telescope. The mosaic contains a billion pixels at full resolution and reveals about 3,000 stars.
Image credit NASA APOD Collection: M42: The Orion Nebula